Lafayette Historical Government Group
History of Lafayette Indiana
Lafayette, Indiana is the county seat of Tippecanoe County. Native Americans were the first to settle in Lafayette. The area was home to the Wyandot, Wea, Miami and Potawatomi tribes. Fort Ouiatenon was established by the French in 1717. The fort was an important part in the trade for Indians and fur trappers.
When Tecumseh and the Prophet arrived in the area, they strove to preserve Native American traditions and culture. The Battle of Tippecanoe erupted in 1811, after they established the foundation for their confederation. Indiana joined the Union in 1816, years after the War of 1812. It became the Union's 19th member.
William Digby was one of the first to find the Wabash River. He was a riverman. Digby purchased land from a land sale on Christmas Eve 1824 and established a town. He surveyed the area in May 1825 and named it Marquis de Lafayette, a French Revolutionary War hero.
Lafayette was a source area for new residents who were moving to the area. In 1826 Tippecanoe County was created. Lafayette became the county's seat. It is easy to transport because the river runs near the Courthouse Square. The Wabash and Erie Canal was built in the 1840s. As the town grew so did transportation. New railroads were built to serve its growing population. Lafayette quickly became a regional hub for manufacturing, retail, and transportation.
Lafayette or La Fayette may refer to: == People == Lafayette (name), a list of people with the surname Lafayette or La Fayette or the given name Lafayette House of La Fayette, a French noble family Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette (1757–1834), French general and American Revolutionary War general also prominent in the French Revolution James Lafayette, pseudonym of James Stack Lauder (1853–1923), Irish portrait photographer == Places == === United States === LaFayette, Alabama, a city Lafayette, California, a city Lafayette, Colorado, a home rule municipality LaFayette, Georgia, a city La Fayette, Illinois, a village Lafayette, Indiana metropolitan area Lafayette, Indiana, a city LaFayette, Kentucky, a town Lafayette, Louisiana metropolitan area Lafayette, Louisiana, a city Lafayette Parish, Louisiana Lafayette, Minnesota, a city LaFayette, New York, a town Lafayette, Ohio, a village Lafayette, Madison County, Ohio, a census-designated place Lafayette, Oregon, a city Lafayette, Tennessee, a city Lafayette, Virginia, a census-designated place Lafayette, Wisconsin (disambiguation) Faubourg Lafayette, Louisiana, a division in the city of New Orleans Mount Lafayette, New Hampshire Lafayette County (disambiguation) Lafayette Hill, Pennsylvania Lafayette Park (disambiguation) Lafayette Reservoir, Contra Costa County, California Lafayette River, entirely in the city of Norfolk, Virginia Lafayette Square (disambiguation) Lafayette Township (disambiguation) Lafayette Village, a historic district in North Kingstown, Rhode Island; on the National Register of Historic Places === Other countries === Lafayette (Tunis), a district of Tunis, Tunisia == Arts and media == La Fayette (film), also known as Lafayette, a 1961 French/Italian co-production starring Orson Welles and Pascale Audret "Lafayette (We Hear You Calling)", a 1918 World War I song composed by Mary Earl (Robert A. King) Lafayette, a Basset Hound in the animated films Aristocats and Aristocats 2 Lafayette Reynolds, one of the principal characters in True Blood, an American TV series Lafayette O'Leary, the protagonist in four Keith Laumer science fiction novels == Buildings == Lafayette Building (disambiguation) Lafayette Hotel (disambiguation) Lafayette Theatre (disambiguation) == Businesses == Galeries Lafayette, a French department store chain LaFayette Motors, United States automobile manufacturer from the 1910s to the 1940s Lafayette Radio Electronics, an electronics retail chain that closed in 1981 Lafayette (restaurant), a former French restaurant in New York City == Military == USS Lafayette, three US Navy ships Lafayette-class submarine, a class of US submarine French aircraft carrier La Fayette, a French aircraft carrier, formerly USS Langley (CVL-27) La Fayette-class frigate, a class of French frigates French frigate La Fayette, a French stealth frigate, lead ship of the La Fayette class Fort Lafayette, a coastal fortification in the Narrows of New York Harbor Brigade La Fayette, also named Task Force La Fayette, a joint unit of the French forces in Afghanistan Lafayette Escadrille, a World War I squadron of the French Air Service composed largely of American pilots Lafayette Flying Corps, a name given to American volunteer pilots who flew for the French in World War I == Schools == University of Louisiana at Lafayette Lafayette College, a private coeducational college in Easton, Pennsylvania Lafayette High School (disambiguation) == Transportation == Lafayette Avenue (IND Fulton Street Line), Brooklyn, a New York City Subway station Broadway–Lafayette Street/Bleecker Street (New York City Subway) Manhattan Lafayette station (Indiana), an Amtrak station in Lafayette, Indiana Lafayette station (Louisiana), an Amtrak station in Lafayette, Louisiana Lafayette station (BART) is BART station in Lafayette, California Lafayette Square station, Buffalo, New York, Metro Rail station Lafayette Regional Airport Lafayette, Louisiana Lafayette Airstrip a private airport in Yamhill County, Oregon Lafayette Street a street in lower Manhattan, New York City Lafayette Boulevard a street in Detroit, Michigan Lafayette Bridge, spanning the Mississippi River in St Paul, Minnesota Rue La Fayette a street in Paris, France SS Lafayette, a shipwreck in Lake Superior, United States SS Mexique, a French ocean liner that was called Lafayette from 1915 until 1928 == Other uses == Lafayette Cemetery, a defunct cemetery in Philadelphia Lafayette Cemetery No.
9th Street Hill, Altamont Switch, Ames, Arbor Chase, Avalon Bluff, Bar Barry Heights, Benjamin Crossing Park, CJ’s Pitts Stop Neighborhood Bar & Grill, Capilano West Lafayette neighborhood, Centennial, Centennial Neighborhood District, Colony Pines, Columbian Park, Crumb Corner, Curley's Neighborhood Bar & Indoor Golf Club